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Knee

Knee Arthroscopy

Click here to learn about our featured service, Knee Arthroscopy


Arthritis

For more info: www.orthoinfo.org
Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory disease which attacks the joints. Inflammatory means that the patient presents with redness, warmth, swelling, and functional limitation in the joints leading to joint damage.
This form of arthritis usually involves many joints throughout the body at the same time and is caused by a problem with the immune system attacking your own joints, resulting in joint inflammation. When arthritis is caused by inflammation the result is often pain and stiffness after periods of rest or inactivity, particularly in the morning.
Osteoarthritis is a chronic disease. There is no cure, but treatments are available to manage symptoms. Long-term management of the disease include several factors:
Pain management for stiffness and swelling
Improving joint mobility and flexibility
Maintaining a healthy weight
Physical Therapy
Exercise
Dr. Augustin will discuss Joint surgery, including joint replacement, when these non-surgical methods have failed to provide lasting benefits.

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Viscosupplementation/ Gel Injections

For more info: orthoinfo.aaos.org

Osteoarthritis develops slowly causing increased pain over time. Although there is no cure for osteoarthritis, there are many treatment options to help people manage pain and stay active.
In its early stages, arthritis of the knee is treated with nonsurgical methods including:
Modified activity
Weight loss
Pain relievers, such as anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen
Physical therapy
Corticosteroid injections
At Augustin Orthopedics, Dr. Augustin offers another treatment option, a procedure called viscosupplementation. If you have tried all other nonsurgical treatment methods and your pain continues to limit your activities, viscosupplementation may be an option.
In this procedure, a gel-like fluid called hyaluronic acid is injected into the knee joint. The hyaluronic acid acts as a lubricant to enable bones to move smoothly over each other and as a shock absorber for joint loads. In theory, adding hyaluronic acid to the arthritic joint will facilitate movement and reduce pain.
Dr. Augustin has had much success with this procedure enabling his patients to continue their active lifestyles.


Meniscal Tears

For more info: orthoinfo.aaos.org

The meniscus is a shock-absorbing structure in the knee in each knee, one on the inside (medial), and one on the outside (lateral).
A meniscal tear is a tear in the meniscus. Most injuries to the meniscus are caused by trauma, usually compression and twisting of the knee. Movements that can cause trauma to the knee include pivoting, cutting, and decelerating. Because aging tends to break down the inner tissues of the meniscus, minor trauma (such as squatting) can injure the meniscus in an older person.
Treatment:
Treatment for a meniscus tear varies depending on the type of tear, the severity of the tear and location. A persons age and how active they are may also affect treatment choices.
Treatment may include:
Rest, ice, wrapping the knee with an elastic bandage, and elevating the leg.
Physical therapy.
Surgery to repair the meniscus.
Surgery to remove part of the meniscus.
Dr. Augustin performs this procedure arthroscopically. Three small incisions are made to allow special instruments, including a fiber-optic camera, to be placed into your knee. The meniscal tear is repaired and in most cases steri-strips are placed over the incisions. Most patients benefit from arthroscopic knee surgery within 4 to 6 weeks. Shorter recovery time allows patients to return to their normal active life styles.

Meniscus Transplant

For more info: orthoinfo.aaos.org

The meniscus is a C-shaped cushion of cartilage in the knee joint. When people talk about torn cartilage in the knee, they are usually referring to torn meniscus. A meniscal transplant replaces the damaged meniscus with donor cartilage.


Joint sparing procedures/ Cartilage Restoration

  • Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation (ACI):
    For more info: orthoinfo.aaos.org
  • The Osteoarticular Transfer System (OATS)

Fractures

Patella Fracture also known as the Knee Cap

This injury happens when there is a break in the patella. The patella is a large, movable bone at the front of the knee.

The patella is part of the knee joint. It is formed between the tendons that connect the thigh bone (femur) to the leg bone (tibia). It protects the front of the knee joint and acts as a point of support, providing increased power to the thigh muscles, which extend the knee. The inner portion of the patella does come in contact with the thigh bone part of the knee joint.

Some common causes of this injury include:

  • Sharp blow to the knee (eg, during sports, a fall, or a car accident)
  • Excessive stress on the knee (eg, during weight lifting, stair climbing, or overexercising a healing knee)

Femoral Fracture

For more info: orthoinfo.aaos.org
A femoral fracture is a break in the thigh bone, which is called the femur. The femur bone is also known as the thigh bone. It runs from the hip to the knee and is the longest and strongest bone in the body. It usually requires a great deal of force to break the femur.

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Location

Augustin Orthopedics (Bayonne)
864 Broadway
Bayonne, NJ 07002 | > Directions
201.437.9700
Augustin Orthopedics (Bloomfield)
135 Bloomfield Ave Suite C
Bloomfield, NJ 07003| > Directions
973.680.4200